The Moon's constant orbiting over the earth influenced the early societies with a powerful symbol for the human life. From eclipse to full moon, its forms were of special significance. These also have effect to tides, weather and general life.
All the cultures of the world have different myths about lunar eclipse. Some believe that eclipse is a curse of natural disasters or death. Some Asian society thought that eclipses were done by demon or dragon.
Waxing and Waning
Waxing and Wanning
The periodic waxing and waning of the Moon symbolize the birth, life, death and rebirth. The crescent represents growth, while the waning moon symbolize death.
The Mayan introduced a system of calendars tracking the cycles of the moon, Sun etc. Some other cultures like Romans, Chinese, Jewish, Celtic and Islamic are also based on the lunar cycles.
The Full Moon
The full Moon symbolize the the wholeness and power. The Chinese believed that its a symbol of Yin and the feminine. To Buddhists its a symbol of spiritual power. The biggest full moon represent agricultural fertility. The word "lunatic" was invented from the Latin for moon, Luna. And this originally meant "Moonstruck". This also believed that the full moon have influence over wild animal behavior and humans.