Friday, 12 September 2014

Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi

Born: 1377, Florence, Italy
Died: April 15, 1446, Florence, Italy
Full Name: Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi
Periods:The Renaissance

Filippo Brunelleschi
Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi is commonly famous as one of the earliest leading architect and engineer of Renaissance period. He is honored as the first modern engineer. He was born on 1377, Florence, Italy. Historians could not find much about his early life. Its been known that his father was a notary in Florence. He had two brothers.


Fillipo was trained as a goldsmith and sculptor as a child. Then he
got recruited in  the Arte della Seta. In the beginning of 1400th century, he became one of the best goldsmith of that time. In 1401, there was a competition between sculptors  to design a new set of bronze doors for the Florence Baptistery. Famous sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti was his competition along with others. Lorenzo Ghiberti won the competition. After that Filippo Brunelleschi slowly transformed from a sculptor to an engineer. He was influence by the study of the ancient ruins of Rome with his friend Donatello. Donatello was also a famous sculptor during that time. The first work of his engineering life was the  Ospedale degli Innocenti. It is a remarkable example of excellent architectural and engineering capacity. After this work, he became very famous and soon he was getting other commissions. In the beginning of his new career Filippo discovered the principles of linear perspective. It is a painting technique known  to ancient Greeks and Romans which was lost.  One of his major architectural work is the dome of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore also known as the Duomo situated in Florence. Brunelleschi was also responsible for building some extraordinary military forts. He also invented some modern mechanism for theatrical play in the churches of Florence. Such as the mechanism for flying angel. Chapel of the Pazzi family was on of his last and best works.

This great sculptor and engineer died in April 15, 1446. He was buried at his own creation, in the Duomo. He will be remembered as the first modern engineer and sculptor.

Important work of Filippo Brunelleschi:

1. Santa Maria del Fiore(The Duomo):

Santa Maria del Fiore
Santa Maria del Fiore

2.Nave of the Santo Spirito (1441–1481):

Nave of the Santo Spirito
Nave of the Santo Spirito

3.Chapel of the Pazzi family:

Chapel of the Pazzi family
Chapel of the Pazzi family